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Galeri untuk Skuadron No.100

Galeri untuk Skuadron No.100


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Galeri Skuadron No.100 - Sejarah

Air of Authority - Sejarah Organisasi RAF

No 500 - 520 Sejarah Skuadron

Nombor dalam siri 500 pada awalnya diperuntukkan kepada skuadron dari Rizab Khas tetapi hanya lima skuadron seperti itu yang telah dibentuk sebelum mereka diserap ke dalam Angkatan Udara Tambahan. Oleh kerana lebih banyak skuadron diperlukan oleh pengembangan RAF pada masa perang, angka dalam siri ini mulai terbentuk ketika siri 300 dan 400 diperuntukkan kepada unit Asing dan Komanwel.

Tidak 500 (Daerah Kent) Skuadron

Dibentuk sebagai skuadron Rizab Khas di Manston pada 16 Mac 1931, pasukan ini terdiri dari gabungan personel biasa dan simpanan dan diperuntukkan untuk peranan pengebom malam yang dilengkapi dengan Virginias. Namun, skuadron itu dilantik semula sebagai skuadron pengebom sehari pada bulan Disember 1935, yang mana ia menerima Harts.

Pada 25 Mei 1936 skuadron dipindahkan ke Angkatan Udara Bantuan dan pada bulan Februari 1937, Hinds menggantikan Harts, tetapi pada 7 November 1938 skuadron tersebut diperuntukkan peranan baru Pengintipan Umum dan dipindahkan ke Komando pesisir.

.Dilengkapi dengan Anson rondaan pesisir yang dilakukan di Selat dan Laut Utara. Blenheims tiba pada April 1941, ketika skuadron mengambil peranan yang lebih ofensif terhadap sasaran pesisir. Dilengkapi semula dengan Hudsons, kapal terbang itu melakukan rondaan di Atlantik dan Clyde dari Scotland dan kemudian bergerak ke selatan lagi untuk beroperasi dari Cornwall.

Setelah pencerobohan Bersekutu ke Afrika Utara, skuadron tersebut bergerak ke Gibraltar dan kemudian beroperasi dari pangkalan Afrika Utara. Pada bulan September 1943 sebuah detasmen berpindah ke Ghisonaccia di Corsica, setelah penarikan Jerman, yang tinggal sehingga Januari / Februari 1944. Venturas mula menggantikan Hudsons pada bulan Disember 1943 tetapi pada 11 Julai 1944, pesawatnya diserahkan kepada No 27 Skuadron SAAF dan skuadron bubar.

Namun, banyak pegawainya diubah menjadi No 500 baru di La Senia, di mana ia dibubarkan, pada 1 Ogos 1944. Ia kini dilengkapi dengan Baltimores yang digunakannya pada misi pengeboman siang hari sebelum berubah menjadi operasi larangan malam hingga akhir perang. Pada bulan September 1945 skuadron tersebut dikirim ke Kenya, tetapi pada saat kedatangan pasukan itu dibubarkan dengan dinominasikan kembali sebagai No 249 Squadron.

Dengan pengaktifan semula Tentera Udara Bantuan Diraja, 500 diperbaharui pada 10 Mei 1946 di West Malling sebagai skuadron pejuang malam, peralatan awal Nyamuk NF 30-an tiba pada bulan Oktober. Pada bulan Julai 1948 skuadron bertukar menjadi Meteor F 3s dalam peranan sebagai pejuang sehari. Meteor F 4s diterima pada Jul 1951 dan F 8s pada bulan November tetapi bersama dengan semua unit terbang RAuxAF, ia dibubarkan pada 10 Mac 1957.

SQ Apr 1939 - Sep 1939
MK Sep 1939 - Nov 1942
RAA Mei 1946 - 1950
S7 1950 - 1951

No 501 (Bandar Bristol) Skuadron

No 501 (Daerah Gloucester) Skuadron

Dibentuk sebagai skuadron Rizab Khas di Filton pada 14 Jun 1929, pasukan ini terdiri dari gabungan pegawai tetap dan simpanan, yang awalnya beroperasi dengan nama 'City of Bristol' tetapi ini diubah menjadi 'County of Gloucester' pada 1 Mei 1930. Berperanan sebagai pengebom pada hari itu, ia dilengkapi dengan DH9A, menggantikannya dengan Wapitis pada tahun 1930 dan Wallaces pada tahun 1933. Pada 1 Mei 1936 skuadron dipindahkan ke Angkatan Udara Bantuan dan pada bulan Julai ia menerima Harts, yang kemudiannya digantikan oleh Hind pada bulan Mac 1938.

Pada bulan Disember 1938, skuadron mulai berubah menjadi peran tempur, menerima Badai pertamanya pada bulan Mac 1939. Ia memberikan perlindungan pejuang untuk AASF di Perancis dari Mei 1940, di mana ia memperoleh reputasi yang patut dicemburui. Ia berfungsi sepanjang Pertempuran Britain dan pada awal tahun 1941 memulakan penyerangan ke seluruh benua. Bertukar menjadi Spitfires pada bulan April 1941, skuadron berpindah ke Ireland Utara pada bulan Oktober 1942.

Kembali ke selatan England pada bulan April 1943, ia berubah menjadi Tempest tepat pada waktunya untuk mengambil bahagian dalam operasi lagi bom terbang V1. Ia tetap berpusat di selatan England untuk sisa perang yang dibubarkan di Hunsdon pada 20 April 1945.

Dengan pengaktifan semula Tentera Udara Bantuan Diraja, 501 diperbaharui pada 10 Mei 1946 di Filton sebagai skuadron pejuang sehari, peralatan awal Spitfire LF 16 tiba pada bulan November. Vampir mula tiba pada bulan November 1948 dengan Spitfires terakhir telah pergi pada Januari 1949. FB 5s menggantikan F 1 dari Mac 1951 dan ia beroperasi sehingga, bersama dengan semua unit terbang RAuxAF, ia dibubarkan pada 10 Mac 1957. Beberapa FB 9 diterima pada Februari 1955 tetapi ini telah dihentikan sebelum bubar. Ia dibentuk kembali sebagai RAuxAF dalam peranan Operasi Support di Brize Norton pada tahun 2001 menyerap No 2624 Regimen RAuxAF Squadron.

Spitfire No 501 Squadron di Kenley

Tidak 502 (Ulster) Skuadron

Dibentuk sebagai skuadron Rizab Khas di Aldergrove pada 15 Mei 1925, pasukan ini terdiri daripada gabungan personel biasa dan simpanan. Beroperasi dalam peranan pengebom berat itu pada awalnya dilengkapi dengan Vimys dari bulan Jun, melengkapkan kembali dengan Hyderabad pada bulan Julai 1928. Virginias tiba pada bulan Disember 1931, tetapi pada bulan Oktober 1935 skuadron dipindahkan ke peran pengebom hari yang menerima Wallaces, Hinds tiba pada bulan April 1937. Tidak lama selepas ini pada bulan Julai, ia dipindahkan ke AuxAF, Rizab Khas dibubarkan.

Perubahan peranan selanjutnya berlaku pada 28 November 1938 ketika ia dipindahkan ke kawalan Komando Pantai, yang pada awalnya masih dilengkapi dengan Hinds. Ansons tiba pada Januari 1939, yang terbangnya melalui rondaan pantai di sekitar pantai Ulster dan di atas Laut Ireland. Whitleys menggantikan Ansons pada bulan Oktober 1940 dan pada bulan Januari 1942, skuadron pindah ke East Anglia, di mana ia menubuhkan kemudahan penyelenggaraan, sementara menjalankan operasi dari St Eval.

Semasa berada di Ulster, skuadron telah melakukan beberapa percobaan paling awal dengan radar ASV dan pada 30 November 1941 telah membuat serangan pertama Komando Pantai berjaya ke kapal selam, menenggelamkan U-206. Halifax IIs menggantikan Whitleys pada Januari 1943, Mac menyaksikan ia berpindah ke Holmsley South dan pada bulan Disember ke St David's. Skuadron berpindah sekali lagi, kali ini ke Scotland pada bulan September 1944, di mana ia berpusat di Stornoway yang memungkinkannya melakukan serangan terhadap kapal musuh di luar pantai Norway. Ia bubar di sana pada 25 Mei 1945.

Dengan pengaktifan semula Tentera Udara Bantuan Diraja, 502 diperbaharui pada 10 Mei 1946 di Aldergrove sebagai skuadron pengebom ringan, dilengkapi dengan nyamuk B 25 dari bulan Julai. Pada malam Disember, nyamuk tempur menggantikan pengebom tetapi pada bulan Jun 1948, ia berubah menjadi pejuang siang, menerima Spitfire F 22s untuk tujuan tersebut. Penukaran jet bermula pada Januari 1951 dengan kedatangan Vampire FB 5s, yang ditambah oleh FB 9s pada bulan Julai 1954. Ia terus menerbangkan kedua-dua jenis sehingga, bersama dengan semua unit terbang RAuxAF, ia dibubarkan pada 10 Mac 1957. Skuadron direformasi pada tahun 2013 di Stesen Udara Aldergrove sebagai unit pelbagai peranan.

KQ Apr 1939 - Sep 1939
YG Sep 1939 - Februari 1943
V9 Jun 1944 - Mei 1945, 1949 - 1953
RAC Mei 1946 - 1949

Tidak 503 (Bandar Lincoln) Skuadron

Dibentuk sebagai skuadron Rizab Khas di Waddington pada 5 Oktober 1926, pasukan ini terdiri dari gabungan personel biasa dan simpanan. Berperanan sebagai pengebom siang hari itu dilengkapi dengan Fawns, tetapi dengan kedatangan Hyderabad pada tahun 1929 ia berubah menjadi pengebom malam. Hinaidis diterima pada tahun 1933 tetapi ia kembali ke peran pengebom pada bulan Oktober 1935, menerima Wallaces untuk tujuan ini.

Pada 18 Mei 1936, semua skuadron Rizab Khas dipindahkan ke Angkatan Udara Bantuan dan pada bulan Jun 1936, Harts menggantikan Tembok ini kemudiannya digantikan oleh Hinds pada tahun 1938. Namun, skuadron tidak pernah lengkap sepenuhnya kerana ia dibubarkan pada 1 November 1938, ia digunakan untuk membentuk inti No 616 (South Yorkshire) Squadron AuxAF di Doncaster.

Tidak 504 (Daerah Nottingham) Skuadron

Dibentuk sebagai skuadron Rizab Khas di Hucknell pada 26 Mac 1928, pasukan ini terdiri dari gabungan personel tetap dan simpanan. Beroperasi pada hari pengebom itu dilengkapi dengan Kuda, Wallaces dari Februari 1935 dan Hinds dari Mei 1937. Namun, pada 18 Mei 1936, semua skuadron Cadangan Khas dipindahkan ke Angkatan Udara Tambahan.

Seperti kebanyakan unit AuxAF, ia dilantik kembali sebagai skuadron tempur pada 31 Oktober 1938, tetapi pada bulan Mac 1939 sebelum Taufan diterima. Sehingga Mei 1940, ia beroperasi dari Digby dan Debden ketika sementara itu terpisah ke Perancis tetapi tidak lama lagi kembali ke UK. Dari bulan Jun 1940 ia beroperasi di Scotland untuk mempertahankan Scapa Flow, bergerak untuk bergabung dalam Pertempuran Britain pada bulan September.

Sapu menyerang di benua itu dilancarkan sehingga skuadron berpindah ke Ireland Utara pada bulan Ogos 1941. Kembali ke England setahun kemudian diikuti dengan satu lagi gerakan ke Scotland pada bulan September 1943. Ia bergerak ke selatan sekali lagi untuk mengambil bahagian dalam operasi yang berkaitan dengan Overlord , tetap menjalankan tugas ini hingga Mac 1945 ketika skuadron itu bertukar menjadi Meteor di Colerne. Namun, hidupnya sebagai unit jet tempur tidak lama kerana dinamakan semula No 245 Squadron pada 10 Ogos 1945.

Dengan pengaktifan semula Tentera Udara Bantuan Diraja, 504 diperbaharui pada 10 Mei 1946 di Syerston sebagai skuadron pengebom ringan. Pada mulanya ia dilengkapi dengan pesawat latihan tetapi pada bulan April 1947, ia dilantik semula sebagai unit tempur malam yang menerima Mosquito T 3s dan NF 30s. Peranannya diubah sekali lagi pada bulan Mei 1948 menjadi unit tempur sehari, yang mana ia menerima Spitfire F 22s yang terbang hingga Oktober 1948 ketika Meteor F 4s menggantikannya. Ini digantikan oleh F 8 pada bulan Mac 1952 tetapi bersama dengan semua unit terbang RAuxAF, ia dibubarkan pada 10 Mac 1957.

Dengan keputusan untuk mengaktifkan semula nombor skuadron terbang RAuxAF, ia diperbaharui dari Skuadron Peranan Penyokong Serangan di RAF Cottesmore pada 1 Oktober 1999. Peranan utamanya adalah Perlindungan Angkatan, serta memberikan pelbagai tugas pasif, termasuk Nuklear, Biologi dan amaran dan pelaporan Kimia, dan bertindak sebagai pengawal dan pengawal. Dengan penutupan RAF Cottesmore, ia berpindah ke Wittering pada 31 Mac 2012 di mana peranannya diubah dari First Line Support menjadi Logistic Support pada 1 April 2013.

e-book oleh Susan Steel mengenai arwah ayahnya, George Bett, kenangan mengenai pengalamannya di WW2 yang berperanan sebagai baju besi

Skuadron berikut tidak pernah dibentuk tetapi kod diperuntukkan kepada mereka untuk tempoh April 1939 hingga September 1939: -

No 505 Skuadron YF
No 506 Skuadron FS
No 507 Skuadron GX
No 508 Skuadron DY
No 509 Skuadron BQ

Dibentuk di Hendon pada 15 Oktober, skuadron mengambil alih pelbagai pesawat ringan yang sebelumnya dikendalikan oleh No 24 Squadron, ketika unit itu beralih ke peran pengangkutan murni.

Dengan menggunakan armada pesawat ini, ia menjalankan tugas komunikasi di seluruh UK hingga dibubarkan pada 8 April 1944, dengan dinamakan semula Metropolitan Communications Squadron.

Dibentuk di Lyneham dari Penerbangan No 1425 pada 10 Oktober 1942, pihaknya terus menggunakan Liberatornya dalam rute penerbangan dari UK ke Gibraltar, sebuah detasemen di Gibraltar yang mengekalkan hubungan lebih jauh ke Malta, menggunakan Albemarles. Dari Julai 1944, skuadron mula berkonsentrasi pada laluan jarak jauh, menggunakan Yorks dalam Penerbangan 'A' dan Pembebas dalam Penerbangan 'B'. Ketika Liberators dipindahkan ke Skuadron No 246 pada bulan Disember 1944, skuadron itu hanya dilengkapi York. Ia meneruskan penerbangan ke Timur Tengah dan Timur Jauh sehingga bubar pada 7 Oktober 1946.

Namun, sembilan hari kemudian skuadron berubah, sekali lagi di Lyneham dan masih dilengkapi dengan Yorks. Selama tahun 1948 dan 1949, ia terlibat dalam Operasi Plainfare, Berlin Airlift dan pada bulan September 1949 dilengkapkan kembali dengan Hastings, yang beroperasi hingga 1 September 1958 ketika dinomori ulang No 36 Squadron.

Ia direformasi sekali lagi pada 15 Disember 1959, sekali lagi di Lyneham, tetapi kali ini dilengkapi dengan Bristol Britannias, ia berpindah ke Brize Norton pada 16 Jun 1970, di mana ia dibubarkan pada 6 Januari 1976, ketika Britannia ditarik dari perkhidmatan.

Dibentuk sebagai unit pengangkutan di Hendon pada 18 Jun 1943 yang dilengkapi dengan Dakotas, pada mulanya ia melakukan penerbangan ke Gibraltar dan Afrika Utara.

Walau bagaimanapun, dari Februari 1944 ia memulakan latihan dalam peranan pasukan udara yang beroperasi di kedua-dua jentera terjun parasut dan penarik luncur pada D-Day. Di antara operasi udara utama D-Day, Arnhem dan persimpangan Rhine, pihaknya melakukan evakuasi korban dan tugas pengangkutan umum.

Setelah berakhirnya permusuhan, mereka melakukan misi ke Timur Tengah sebelum pindah ke Mesir pada awal Oktober 1945. Pergerakan yang lebih jauh pada bulan itu membawanya ke Itali, dari mana ia terbang dengan pelbagai laluan termasuk Yunani, Mesir, Romania, Austria, UK dan juga di Itali. Pada bulan Februari 1946, ia kembali ke UK, di mana ia dibubarkan pada 14 Mac 1946.

No 513 tidak pernah melihat perkhidmatan operasi, dibentuk pada 15 September 1943 di Witchford. Itu mesti dilengkapi dengan Stirlings sebagai bagian dari No 3 Group, tetapi ketika diputuskan untuk meningkatkan pendirian unit penukaran Stirling, pesawat yang tersedia tidak mencukupi untuk melengkapi 513, sehingga pesawat itu bubar pada 21 November 1943.

Dibentuk di Foulsham pada 1 September 1943, dalam No 3 Group, ia dilengkapi dengan Lancasters, awalnya Mk II dan untuk pertengahan 1944 Mk Is dan III.

Berperanan sebagai sebahagian dari Pasukan Utama Komando Bomber, pihaknya melakukan 3.675 serangan sebelum dibubarkan di Waterbeach, di mana ia bergerak pada 23 November 1943, pada 22 Ogos 1945.

OV Diperuntukkan Apr 1939 - Sep 1939
JI Sep 1943 - Ogos 1945
A2 Dis 1943 - Ogos 1945 ('C' Flt sahaja)

Persatuan Skuadron No 514: - [email protected]

Dibentuk di Northolt dari Defiant Flight pada 1 Oktober 1942, peranannya adalah untuk melakukan operasi radar jamming menggunakan Defiants yang dilengkapi 'Moonshine'.

Beaufighters tiba pada bulan Jun 1943 dan ini telah menggantikan Defiants pada bulan Disember itu, walaupun skuadron tersebut tidak beroperasi pada bulan Ogos penentukuran radar terbang dan operasi anti pesawat sehingga Januari 1944.

Kini bergabung dengan Kumpulan No 100, Komando Bomber yang baru dibentuk dan bulan berikutnya dilengkapi dengan Nyamuk. Ia kini terlibat dalam misi penceroboh malam untuk menyokong serangan Komando Bomber yang lain dan serangan ini berlanjutan hingga akhir perang. Skuadron akhirnya bubar pada 10 Jun 1945.

Dibentuk dari Penerbangan No 1441 (Operasi Gabungan) di Dundonald pada 28 April 1943, peranannya adalah untuk menyediakan kemudahan latihan yang realistik kepada kedua-dua unit latihan operasi gabungan di wilayah Scotland Barat.

Ini melibatkan melakukan serangan palsu terhadap pasukan darat dan tentera laut, meletakkan skrin asap, mensimulasikan serangan gas dan pengintaian taktikal. Untuk menjalankan jenis ini, ia menggunakan pelbagai jenis termasuk Mustang, Lysanders, Ansons, Blenheims dan Hurricanes.

Pencerobohan ke Normandia pada bulan Jun 1944, membuat skuadron itu diperlukan dan ia bubar di Dundonald pada 2 Disember 1944.

Dibentuk dari Penerbangan No 1404 di St Eval pada 11 Ogos 1943, ia terus menjalankan tugas pengintipan meteorologi. Ditujukan untuk dilengkapi dengan Halifax, ia menggunakan Hudsons dan Hampdens hingga Oktober.

Di antara Hudsons yang berangkat pada bulan September 1943 dan kedatangan Halifax pada bulan November, empat B-17 dari 379 Skuadron USAAF dilampirkan. Halifax Vs tiba pada bulan November dan pada masa yang sama skuadron berpindah ke St David's. Pada bulan Februari 1944 ia bergerak lagi, kali ini ke Brawdy, di mana ia menerima Halifax III pada bulan Februari 1945. Pada bulan November berikutnya, langkah selanjutnya dilakukan ke Chivenor, di mana skuadron bubar pada 21 Jun 1946.

Dibentuk di RAF Stornoway pada 9 Julai 1943, unit ini pada mulanya dilengkapi dengan pesawat Halifax Mark V. Pemimpin Skuadron H R Lawson AFC dilantik sebagai komandan skuadron, tiba pada 22 Julai 1943 dan dinaikkan pangkat Komandan Sayap. Pada 8 September, dia diberitahu mengenai pemberian penghargaan kepada dia dari Distinguished Flying Cross. No 518 Skuadron melakukan penerbangan pengintipan cuaca jarak jauh dengan nama kode Mercer 700 batu nautika (806 batu statut) di arah barat menuju Atlantik. Pesawat terbang lengkap untuk peperangan anti-kapal selam dan boleh menyerang kapal-kapal U yang dikesan semasa melakukan rondaan.

The Mercer rondaan diteruskan dari RAF Tiree dari September 1943 setelah unit tersebut berpindah ke sana. Komander Wing N F Morris dilantik sebagai pegawai komando pada 23 Mac 1944 Wg Cdr Lawson telah ditempatkan di Markas Kumpulan No. 19. Operasi berkembang pada bulan Februari 1944 dengan pengenalan corak segitiga kedua, yang diberi nama kod Bismut, menutup jurang antara Hebrides dan Iceland. Homeward terikat, pesawat mendekati St Kilda. Pada awal bulan Jun, 518 Sqn adalah unit meteorologi utama untuk mengesan dan melaporkan penutupan cuaca buruk di UK dari Atlantik, yang menyebabkan penangguhan D-Day dari 5 hingga 6 Jun 1944. Komander sayap Morris hilang dalam operasi penerbangan pada 21 Januari 1945 Komander Sayap EEM Angell AFC mengambil alih skuadron lapan hari kemudian.

Skuadron itu menerima pesawat Halifax Mk III pada bulan Februari 1944. Bergerak pada 18 September 1945 ke RAF Aldergrove, Ireland Utara, ia menyerap 1402 Penerbangan Meteorologi, yang mengendalikan Spitfires dan Taufan. No 518 Sqn dibubarkan pada 1 Oktober 1946 dengan dinamakan semula No. 202 Skuadron.

Teks ini disediakan oleh Peter Rackliff melalui Norman Maclean

Dibentuk dari Penerbangan No 1406 di Wick pada 15 Ogos 1943, ia terus menjalankan tugas pengintipan meteorologi, dilengkapi dengan Hampdens dan Spitfires, di atas Laut Utara. Hudsons tiba untuk menggantikan Hampdens pada bulan September 1943 dan mereka digantikan oleh Venturas pada bulan berikutnya, yang tinggal sehingga Oktober 1944.

Hudsons telah kembali pada bulan Julai 1944, Spitfire VIIs untuk kerja dengan ketinggian tiba pada bulan Oktober dan Benteng pada bulan November. Ketika skuadron bubar di Leuchars pada 31 Mei 1946, peralatan utamanya adalah Halifax III, yang mula tiba pada bulan Ogos 1945.

Dibentuk dari Penerbangan No 1403 di Gibraltar pada 20 September 1943, ia terus melakukan tugas pengawasan meteorologi, dengan menggunakan Hudsons dan Gladiators. Pada bulan Februari 1944, ia menerima Halifax Vs dan Spitfires, yang Hudsons telah pergi pada bulan Mac dan Gladiator pada bulan Jun. Penerbangan recete meteorologi dilakukan di Atlantik, tetapi pada bulan September juga diberikan peran penarik sasaran, ketika mengambil alih penerbangan Martinets No 1500. Namun tugas lain ditambahkan ketika mengadopsi peran penyelamatan udara-laut di akhir perang.

Ia bubar di Gibraltar pada 25 April 1946.

Gambar lencana skuadron di halaman ini adalah milik Steve Clements

Hak Cipta Mahkota diterbitkan semula dengan izin Direktorat Hak Kekayaan Intelektual

Halaman ini terakhir dikemas kini pada 16/06/18 menggunakan FrontPage 2003

Indeks Organisasi [Halaman Atas] Sqns 521 - 540


Galeri Skuadron No.100 - Sejarah

Semua gambar 2007 oleh jurugambar masing-masing

Penarikan tentera dan tentera laut yang menyusul berakhirnya Perang Dingin membawa banyak perubahan pada pasukan tugas aktif Amerika Syarikat. Oleh kerana kekuatan yang lebih ramping dan lebih cekap muncul dari perubahan ini, komponen cadangan juga mengalami pengurangan. Pada 27 Jun 1992, Marine Reserve Attack Squadron VMA-322, yang menerbangkan Douglas A-4M Skyhawk, dinyahaktifkan di NAS South Weymouth, di Massachusetts. Ini hanyalah petunjuk pertama bahawa masa depan pangkalan ini dipersoalkan. Akhirnya
dimasukkan ke dalam senarai penutupan BRAC, SoWey, seperti yang diketahui pangkalan, ditutup sebagai pemasangan Angkatan Laut pada tahun 1997.

FG-1D Corsairs yang ditugaskan untuk Rizab
di NAS S. Weymouth dilihat dalam ini
gambar pertengahan 1950-an oleh Tom Cuddy

Kakitangan VMA-322 yang disenaraikan
semasa perbarisan berehat semasa berbangga tetapi
upacara penyahaktifan pahit manis

Diaktifkan sebagai Skuadron Fighter Laut 322 (VMF-322) pada 1 Julai 1943, unit ini mula menerbangkan F4U-lD Corsairs dari Pulau Parris, Carolina Selatan, di bawah arahan MAJ Fred M. Rauschenbach. Skuadron itu menjalani latihan penerbangan tempur yang luas setelah penempatannya ke Hawaii pada bulan Januari 1944. Berpusat di Pulau Espiritu Santo pada bulan Oktober tahun itu, unit ini menjadi komponen MAG 33. Perintah tempur segera diterima, mengarahkan skuadron untuk menyokong serangan amfibi di Okinawa.

Unsur sokongan utama mengorbankan banyak korban pada 3 April 1945, ketika LST mereka terkena serangan Kamikaze. Walaupun mengalami kerugian ini, pada 9 April Corsairs dipentaskan di lapangan terbang Kadena untuk memulakan operasi untuk menyokong pertempuran darat di Okinawa dan Iheya Shima.

Goodyear FG-1D 67069 dilaporkan
difoto dalam penerbangan persaraannya
kepada boneyard 3 Sep 1955.
Foto: Koleksi Jim Sullivan

Kursi Corsi F4U-4 yang baru diambil dengan kuat setelah berpindah ke Midway Island dan ditugaskan ke MAG-44 pada bulan November, 1945. Langkah seterusnya berlaku pada bulan Julai, 1947 ketika organisasi itu ditempatkan di MCAS Ewa, Oahu dan melekat pada MAG-15 . Kod ekor "PD" diberikan ke pesawat skuadron selama tempoh ini. Setelah kembali ke Amerika Syarikat di Princeton USS pada bulan April 1949, VMF-322 ditempatkan di MCAS Edenton di Albemarle Sound North Carolina.

Skuadron memasuki Zaman Jet
dengan kedatangan Grumman F9F-6
Cougar. Foto: Koleksi Lionel Paul

VMF-322 diaktifkan semula sebagai skuadron Marine Reserve di NAS Squantum, Massachusetts pada 6 Julai 1951. Pangkalan ini terletak di kawasan sempit yang memisahkan Dorchester Bay dari Quincy Bay di selatan Boston. Sumber tempatan merujuk laman web ini sebagai salah satu stesen udara terawal Angkatan Laut. Sebagai markas selepas Perang Dunia II, Squantum adalah tempat yang sibuk dan penuh sesak.

Foto FJ-3M Amerika Utara-
dilukis di NAS South Weymouth
oleh John Yaney dalam tempoh tersebut
(akhir 1950-an-awal 1960-an) ketika
Pesawat USNR / USMC Reserve
mempunyai tanda yang sangat berwarna.

Douglas Skyhawk tiba di
1962. Pandangan ini oleh Paul Larcom
menunjukkan barisan TA-4B
tujuh tahun kemudian

A-4C Skyhawk dari VMA-322
dengan gambar kod ekor "5Z" -
dilakar di NAS Quonset Pt., RI
oleh Tom Cuddy pada tahun 1971

A-4E pada VMA-322 sejuk
tanjakan pada bulan Februari, 1976
Foto Tom Hildreth

A-4M di London, Ontario
pada tahun 1989. Foto oleh
Bupati Dansereau

TERIMA KASIH kepada LTCOL Dan Ventre, Pegawai Memerintah VMA 322, dan MAJ Richard Ghigna atas masa dan sokongan mereka dalam penyediaan artikel ini. Bantuan dengan penyelidikan Fotografi dan sejarah diberikan oleh Tom Cuddy, Paul Larcom, Lionel Paul, Jim Sullivan, Larry Webster dan John Yaney.


Dalam halaman laman web ini, anda akan mendapat maklumat dan perkhidmatan yang berkaitan dengan Persatuan kami, dan juga maklumat yang berkaitan dengan Tentera Udara Diraja dan Skuadron 100 moden.

Laman web ini, di sini untuk memberitahu dunia, mengenai Squadron yang menakjubkan dan sejarahnya. Di sini juga untuk memberi maklumat kepada ahli kami mengenai berita terkini dan acara yang akan datang.

Sekiranya anda atau saudara berkhidmat dengan 100 Skuadron, anda mungkin berhak menjadi ahli Persatuan yang sangat aktif. Membantu anggota-anggota kami yang lain untuk terus mengingati ingatan rakan-rakan kita yang lalu.

Sekiranya anda mencari maklumat mengenai saudara yang merupakan sebahagian daripada 100 Skuadron dalam Kapasiti apa pun, maka jangan ragu untuk menghubungi kami, dan kami akan melakukan semua yang kami dapat untuk membantu anda.

Jangan ragu untuk melihat-lihat, dan belajar sebanyak mungkin tentang Squadron yang menakjubkan, dengan sejarah yang maha hebat.


Pengintai Udara di Galeri Perang Dunia Kedua

Menjelang akhir Perang Dunia Pertama, pengintipan fotografi telah membuktikan dirinya, dan diakui secara universal sebagai mata tentera yang sangat diperlukan. Namun, di sebalik sejarah ini, dan perkembangan yang berterusan dalam aplikasi sipil fotografi udara, pada bulan-bulan awal Perang Dunia Kedua, falsafah RAF adalah bahawa tidak ada keterampilan khusus yang terlibat. Diperkirakan bahwa pada beberapa saat ketika foto udara mungkin bermanfaat, tindakan terbaik adalah menggunakan pesawat yang ada, dengan lubang yang sesuai untuk kamera.

Dalam praktiknya pesawat Bristol Blenheims dan Fairey Battle yang diubahsuai sering ditembak jatuh, dan kamera mereka sering membeku. Foto yang ditunjukkan di sini dari Fairey Battle of 266 Squadron, Advanced Air Striking Force, adalah salah satu yang paling awal dalam perang. Itu diambil dari Fairey lain pada 20 September 1939, 20km (12 batu) barat daya Saarbrucken, ketika Skuadron berpusat di Reims-Champagne. Pada masa ketika gambar ini diambil, pihak Britain ingat betapa pentingnya pengintipan udara untuk memenangkan perang.


Kandungan

Lencana pertama yang diterima oleh RAF adalah Lencana Tentera Udara Diraja yang rasmi, dan dilancarkan pada 1 Ogos 1918, kira-kira empat bulan selepas pembentukan Tentera Udara Diraja. [4] Setelah itu, unit dan skuadron menggunakan lencana mereka sendiri dan menggunakannya dengan cara yang serupa dengan warna regimental. Bagi beberapa skuadron, lencana tidak rasmi mereka akan berlaku sebelum pembentukan RAF. Kebanyakan skuadron Royal Flying Corps semasa Perang Dunia Pertama akan melukis lambang skuadron mereka (atau peranti) di atas perisai untuk digantung di bar kekacauan atau Squadron. Mereka sering melihat diri mereka sebagai 'ksatria udara' dan lencana itu membantu memupuk rasa jati diri dan bersama skuadron. [5]

Dalam kes 100 Skuadron, lencana mereka menggabungkan lambang tengkorak dan tulang bersilang yang telah dibebaskan dari sebuah "rumah tidak sopan" Perancis pada tahun 1918. [6] Beberapa maskot adalah formasi belakang dari lencana daripada memberikan idea untuk lencana. 234 Skuadron telah ".. naga merajalela, dengan api yang keluar dari mulut .." disetujui oleh Raja George VI pada bulan Ogos 1940. [7] Menjelang 1956, skuadron itu berada di RAF Geilenkirchen di Jerman dan sedang mencari yang sesuai maskot untuk skuadron mereka berdasarkan lambang naga mereka yang dilaporkan akan memilih iguana. [8] [9]

Sehingga awal tahun 1930-an, skuadron dan unit akan menggunakan lencana dan lambang tidak rasmi mereka sendiri. [10] Pada tahun 1935, proses memformalkan lencana dilakukan dimana persetujuan pemberitaan resmi akan diberikan oleh raja yang berkuasa pada waktu itu. Seluruh proses reka bentuk akhirnya bergantung kepada Chester Herald sebagai Inspektor Lencana RAF. Ini telah berubah selama bertahun-tahun dan telah diisi oleh Clarenceux King of Arms dan oleh Surrey Herald of Arms Luar Biasa. [11] Inspektor Lencana RAF akan bekerjasama dengan skuadron dan unit untuk menyelesaikan rancangan yang akan mencerminkan lambang yang sudah diguna pakai atau menggunakan sesuatu yang sesuai untuk mengenali skuadron atau unit. [note 2] [12] [13] Perintah Kementerian Udara (A.8 / 1936) dikeluarkan pada bulan Januari 1936 dan memperincikan kriteria lencana dan persetujuan terakhir mereka melalui Chester Herald dan raja. [14] Pada bulan Jun tahun yang sama, Raja Edward VIII meluluskan rakit lencana pertama untuk Skuadron nombor 4, 15, 18, 19, 22, 33, 201, 207, 216 dan 604. [15]

Apabila lencana baru diberikan persetujuan oleh raja yang memerintah, unit atau skuadron akan disajikan dengan lukisan kulit kambing asli yang ditandatangani oleh raja dan salinan akan dibuat dan dilukis pada standard yang ditetapkan oleh yang asli. [13] Lencana Inspektor RAF menyimpan salinan yang didaftarkan dalam album besar yang dikenali sebagai "Salinan biasa pemeriksa". [16] Lencana 'dilekatkan' di bahagian atas dengan Raja atau Mahkota Ratu, ini bergantung pada raja mana yang memerintah pada masa itu. [17] Untuk Edward VIII dan George VI, Raja (atau Tudor Crown) digunakan. [18] Bilangan lencana yang disetujui oleh Edward VIII adalah jumlah yang kecil dalam tempoh antara penggabungannya ke takhta dan peninggalannya berlangsung hanya sebelas bulan. Sebagai kumpulan lencana pertama untuk proses kelulusan selesai pada bulan Julai 1936, kebanyakan lencana telah disetujui oleh dua penggantinya (Raja George VI dan Ratu Elizabeth II). [19] Pemberian lencana adalah penghormatan peribadi antara raja dan unit yang telah dianugerahkan lencana, dan tidak diberikan kepada RAF secara keseluruhan. [5]

Mana-mana unit servis boleh memohon lencana dan ada yang melakukannya, sementara yang lain tidak atau telah membuat permohonan mereka digagalkan pada waktu dalam kes No. 273 Skuadron, lencana mereka masih menunggu persetujuan akhir setelah beberapa pengajuan ulang ketika telah ditolak oleh Komando Udara Asia Tenggara dan oleh Inspektor Lencana. Ini bergantung pada cadangan penggunaan Fylfot Asia, yang sangat menyerupai Swastika. Skuadron dibubarkan pada tahun 1945 sebelum dikeluarkan lencana kerana ketidaktentuan pada reka bentuk atau cogan kata. [20] Kempen pada tahun 1996 untuk mengeluarkan lencana untuk veteran Skuadron No. 273 tidak berjaya walaupun mendapat sokongan dari beberapa anggota Parlimen, dan akhirnya diberikan kepada persatuan skuadron secara prinsip. [21] Sekiranya unit tidak dapat mematuhi kriteria heraldik yang memenuhi syarat, maka lencana tidak akan dikeluarkan. Jika lencana belum dikeluarkan atau bahkan dipohon, lencana pihak berkuasa yang lebih tinggi dapat digunakan sebagai gantinya (RAF Cowden di East Yorkshire menggunakan lencana Strike Command kerana itu adalah jarak senjata udara, [17] RAF Bridgnorth menggunakan lencana No 7 School of Recruit Training kerana itulah alasan kewujudan stesen). [22] Peraturan mengenai lencana diubah selama bertahun-tahun dan sejak tahun 1992, dana awam dapat digunakan untuk membayar reka bentuk lencana di mana sebelumnya wang harus dikumpulkan oleh skuadron atau unit untuk membayar proses tersebut. Selain itu, satu unit mesti ada selama lima tahun (dan dijangka wujud selama lima tahun lagi) dan juga mempunyai kekuatan personel lebih dari 75. [23] [24]

Dalam keadaan tertentu, lencana dari unit yang tidak berfungsi telah dihidupkan semula ketika unit atau sayap baru dibentuk, tetapi lencana skuadron biasanya tidak ditugaskan semula seperti biasanya skuadron hanya mengambil nombor lama dan menerima lencana dan cogan kata itu. Apabila Force Generation Wing (FGW) dari No. 90 Signals Unit di RAF Leeming dibentuk semula sebagai Operasi Information Services Wing (OISW), ia telah disetujui untuk versi salinan lencana bekas No. 60 Group (Signals) satu-satunya perbezaan adalah nama unit telah diubah, dan lekukan di mana nombor unit yang terdapat pada lencana utama, telah dikeluarkan. [25]

Persetujuan dan reka bentuk lencana merangkumi semua unit yang berkaitan dengan Kor Latihan Tentera Udara Diraja, Cadangan, Bantuan dan Latihan Udara. [26]

Lebih dari 800 skuadron dan lencana unit, diukir dari batu tulis Welsh, diletakkan di lantai gereja pusat Tentera Udara Diraja, St Clements Danes, London. [27] Lencana ukiran pertama diletakkan di lantai oleh pengukirnya, Madge Whiteman, pada tahun 1958. Whiteman akan mengukir sekurang-kurangnya 80 lagi dan niat pada masa itu adalah untuk akhirnya ada 1,000 lencana yang terpasang di lantai . [28] Pada tahun 1996, RAF Heraldry Trust ditubuhkan untuk melukis setiap lencana yang dikeluarkan untuk Angkatan Udara Diraja atau Angkatan Udara Komanwel di mana lencana yang diluluskan dikeluarkan. [29] Banyak pilihan replika lencana RAF menghiasi dinding RAF Club di London. [30]

Edit Reka Bentuk

Lencana itu sendiri terdiri daripada lima bahagian yang berbeza [31]

  • mahkota - baik Raja atau Mahkota Ratu bergantung pada waktu ia dikeluarkan
  • badan - bingkai bulat yang berwarna biru RAF dan lekukan untuk unit bernombor operasi, dikelilingi oleh karangan bunga daun [32] [nota 3] [33]
  • lencana di dalam badan (dikenali sebagai Blazon in heraldry) [34]
  • tatal
  • cogan kata yang terdapat pada tatal. [35]

RAF Badges are often called 'crests', even by serving members of the military, but they are in fact, heraldic badges. [36] [37] [38] Crests is a common misnomer and represents just one part of a badge in heraldic terms. A crest is usually atop a coat of arms, and not RAF badges as they ensigned by a crown. In true heraldry, a coat of arms (or badge) can have a crest or not, but a crest cannot exist on its own. [39] One exception to this is No. 600 Squadron, which has two badges, [40] the first was the traditional badge with a sword in front of a crescent moon which reflected the squadron's night-time activities. The second badge, also known affectionately by the squadron as "The Dust-Cart Crest", was the badge of the City of London Arms. [41] As this had the appearance of the RAF eagle at the top and not the crown, this could be interpreted as a crest. [note 4] [42] [43]

One of the few squadrons to not have a scroll is No. 607 Squadron as it does not have a motto. [44] Many mottoes were suggested for 607 Squadron, which have been described as being from "suitable to the ribald." [45]

Squadrons and stations Edit

Flying squadrons were additionally expected to display their badge (or the main insignia from it) on their aircraft. This was also to be enhanced by the addition of a white shape behind the badge or insignia that would aid in seeing the badge and the particular shape would denote the role of the squadron either a fighter, bomber or reconnaissance squadron, though some doubled up on their role. Non-flying units would display their badge on a sign either at the entrance to the base or outside the station headquarters. [46]

One of the first squadrons to be awarded their badge was No. 18 Squadron, who had a winged white pegasus as their insignia which dated back to the First World War. When the badge was approved in 1936, the pegasus had been redrawn with a more upright rearing stance and was now painted in gules (which is the colour red in heraldry). [47] [48] No. 208 Squadron had been in Egypt for 17 years when they asked for approval for their squadron badge. Due to their motto of Waspada and the nature of their work (observation), they had been using the Eye of Horus as their squadron insignia. The Chester Herald informed the squadron that the use of an eye was considered unlucky in English Heraldry, so the squadron adopted the Giza Sphinx as their insignia instead. The badge was approved by King George VI in October 1937. [49] [50] Another squadron with associations in Egypt was No. 45 Squadron, who had a winged camel on their badge. This represented the fact the squadron was equipped with Sopwith Camel aircraft in the First World War and its association with the Middle-East in the Second World War. [34] [51]

The badge of No. 22 Squadron has a red disc (torteaux) with a Maltese Cross and the symbol for pi. This is because when No. 7 Squadron and 22 Sqn were stationed together during the First World War, 22 Sqn would take off directly over the 7 Sqn Lines (accommodation) and the fraction 22/7 approximates to pi. [52] No. 81 Squadron badge has a red star (mullet) of Russia as its insignia. The Russians awarded the squadron the star when they took Hawker Hurricanes out to Murmansk to train the Soviet crews during the Second World War. [53]

Squadrons would often use insignia reflecting where they had served, RAF Stations would more often than not use a local landmark or item particular to that area. RAF St Eval had a church in the middle of their badge (St Uvelus) which, when the airfield was being built, was under threat of demolition. [54] It survived and became a repository for remembrance of fallen comrades. It also acted as a sign to crews that they were nearly home. [55] RAF Scampton's badge has a bow and arrow insignia. This represented the airfield (the arrow) and the moving of the A15 (the bow) so that the runway could be extended to 10,000 feet (3,000 m) [note 5] [56] which necessitated the bow formation of the road at the eastern end of the airfield. [57] [58] The station badge for RAF Waddington consists of a small part of Lincoln Cathedral, again a focussing point for crews returning from active missions. The badge was not approved until 1954 by Elizabeth II. [59]

Other stations had badges designed to reflect their role. In 1957, RAF Marham was awarded their new badge which depicted a blue bull as its insignia and the motto of Deter. The motto indicated their base's new role in the nuclear deterrent role and the bull symbolised that deterrence. The colour blue is thought to have a been a nod towards the Blue Danube, the RAF's first atomic bomb. [60]

Mottoes Edit

Mottoes convey the spirit of the unit or squadron for commands and training stations, this was usually about what the intended output of that particular role was. Both Bomber and Fighter Commands had badges where the blazon and motto reflected that role. Bomber Command's motto was Strike hard, strike sure, whilst Fighter command had the motto of Offence defence. Elements of both blazons and mottoes were included in the Strike Command badge that superseded both Bomber and Fighter Command when they were combined as Strike Command in 1968. [61] [62] No. 617 Squadron's motto is Après moi le déluge which translates from the French as "After me, the flood". [63] This reflected the reason that the squadron was created to bomb the dams in the Ruhr Valley. [64] King George VI approved the badge for 617 Squadron in March 1944, some ten months after the Dambusters Raid. [note 6] [65] [66] Most mottoes are written in Latin or English, though other languages were used

Unit Cogan kata Bahasa Terjemahan Catatan
No. 14 Squadron أنا نشر الأجنحة بلدي وابقي على وعد Arabic I spread my wings and keep my promise [67]
No. 257 Squadron Thay myay gyeeshin shwe hti Burmese Death or Glory [68]
No. 268 Squadron Ajidaumo Chippewa Tail-in-the-air [69]
No. 1 Squadron RAF Regiment Cuneiform Swift and sudden [70] [71]
No. 68 Squadron Vždy připraven Czech Always ready [note 7] [72]
No. 3 Group RAF Niet zonder arbyt Belanda Nothing without labour [73]
RAF Cosford Seul le premier pas coute Bahasa Perancis Only the beginning is difficult [74]
RAF Machrihanish Airm a dhionadh na fairgeachan Gaelic Arms to defend the seas [75]
No. 150 Squadron Αιει Φθανομεν Bahasa Yunani Always ahead [note 8] [76] [77]
No. 224 Squadron Fidelle all' amico Bahasa Itali Faithful to a friend [note 9] [78] [79]
No. 185 Squadron Ara fejn hu Maltese Look where it is [note 10] [80] [81]
No. 75 Squadron Ake ake kia kaha Maori For ever and ever be strong [note 11] [82] [83]
No. 160 Squadron Api soya paragasamu Sinhalese We seek and strike [63]
No. 164 Squadron Firmes Volamos Spanish Firmly we fly [note 12] [84] [85] [86]
RAF Eastleigh Shupavu na thabiti Bahasa Swahili Tough and strong [87]
RAF Pembroke Dock Gwylio'r gorooewin o'r awyr Welsh To watch the west from the air [88]

No. 100 Squadron had their badge awarded in 1938 whilst posted to RAF Seletar [89] and opted to have the motto (Sarang tebuan jengan dijolok "Never stir up a hornets nest") written in Malaysian. [90] [91] The squadron blazon was traditionally a skull and crossbones (which it retains on its badge) with the motto Blood and Bones. While the squadron was posted to RNAS Donibristle in Fife, they replaced the skull and crossbones motif with a bulldog and the motto Nemo me impune lacessit, ("No-one provokes me with impunity"), [92] but reverted to the old motif and motto soon afterwards. [93] [94]

Other badges were also approved for locational reasons No. 240 Squadron had a badge adorned with a Viking helmet and the motto of Sjo vordur lopt vordur which is Icelandic for "Guardian of the sea and air". Badges were also approved for the squadrons in the non-UK range (IE squadrons in the 300–399 and 400–499 ranges - the Article XV squadrons) [95] such as No. 330 Squadron who had a Viking Longship and the motto of Trygg havet, which was in Norwegian, appropriately enough, (as it was a Norwegian Squadron) meaning "Guarding the seas." [96] [97] [note 13] The badges approved to Dominion (or Commonwealth) crews would traditionally incorporate insignia with a connection to the homeland to which the crews flying the aircraft belonged to. No. 266 (Rhodesia) Squadron had their badge approved in August 1941 with a Bateleur eagle and the motto of Hlabezulu which derives from Shona meaning "The stabber of the sky." [98] [99] Badges were issued to non-flying units such as the Iraq Levies, who had a badge approved by King George VI in 1949 that had two crossed Khanjar as its insignia and the motto of Sedia. [100] [101]

The component elements of badges are described – with regard to stances, positions, actions, attitudes and tinctures (colours) – by the use of heraldic blazon. The most common terms used are listed below. [102] For example, No. 102 Squadron badge (shown on the right) is described as "On a demi-terrestrial globe azure & dark blue a lion rampant guardant gules holding in the forepaws a bomb sable". [103]


Kandungan

Sunting Asal

During the refurbishment of the Royal Flying Corps station at Doncaster in 1915 a decision was taken to move operations temporarily to an air strip at Bancroft Farm at Finningley.

This flight of aircraft is thought to have consisted of Royal Aircraft Factory BE.2c fighters. These fighters were used to intercept Zeppelin bombers approaching Yorkshire cities from the East Coast, in this instance, the heavily industrialised City of Sheffield.

Edit Perang Dunia Kedua

Finningley's participation in RAF Bomber Command's offensive may have been short but the station played a vital part in finishing crews with operational training for the bombing role. An early pre-war expansion scheme airfield the site, farmland in a well wooded locality four miles southeast of Doncaster was acquired in the summer of 1935. The Doncaster-Lincoln railway line ran a quarter mile to the north and Finningley village lay a similar distance to the east. The flying field covered around 250 acres (100 ha) with the camp area situated to the northwest between Mare Flats Plantation and the A1 'Great North Road' (now the A638). Four Type C hangars were erected in the usual crescent layout facing the bombing circle, with a fifth directly behind the southernmost of the line. Administration and technical site buildings were immediately to the rear of the hangars.

Nos. 7 [1] and 102 [2] RAF Squadrons moved in during August 1936 from RAF Worthy Down with Handley Page Heyfords this was earlier than the official opening date given in station records (3 September). [ rujukan diperlukan ] During the next year, No. 7 Squadron split into No. 76 and No. 102 similarly divided to produce No. 77 the latter two soon being moved south to RAF Honington. No. 7 Squadron converted to Whitleys in March and April 1938 while No. 76 continued to operate Wellesleys, the type it had been formed to fly. [3] By the end of that year No. 5 Group completed its acquisition of No. 3 Group stations north of the Wash and, under its control, Finningley squadrons started conversion to the Handley Page Hampden, with Avro Ansons to fill out strength until more of this new type were available from production. [4]

The need to establish units devoted to training crews on the new bomber types resulted in the setting up of so-called pool squadrons during the summer of 1939. A revision of this arrangement brought the designated pool squadrons into operational training units and, shortly after war was declared, both the Finningley squadrons moved to Upper Heyford to form one of these organisations. [4]

Finningley was to continue in a training role for No. 106 Squadron, which brought its Hampdens from RAF Cottesmore in October. [5] Also classed as a reserve squadron, No. 106 continued the operational training role for No. 5 Group that the previous occupants had started to provide. [4]

During early 1940, Fairey Battles of 98 Squadron were moved to RAF Finningley from RAF Scampton. [6]

By August 1940 the critical war situation caused No. 106 to be placed on operational call. Most of its early sorties were to drop mines in the approaches to French Channel ports thought to be harbouring invasion barges. There was still need for a final polish for new Hampden crews and in February 1941 No. 106 left its 'C' Flight at Finningley to continue with this task while the rest of the squadron moved to RAF Coningsby for full offensive operations. While flying from Finningley, six Hampdens had failed to return. In March the former No. 106 "C" Flight metamorphosised into No. 25 OTU, initially continuing to train with Hampdens and Ansons. A few Manchesters arrived in the spring of 1941, and the unit was later bolstered with Wellingtons. [7]

Early in 1942 Finningley passed to No. 1 Group and with no further need for Hampdens or Manchesters No. 25 OTU concentrated on Wellingtons, nine of which were lost when the station was called upon to take part in Bomber Command operations. No. 25 OTU was disbanded in February 1943 and in March No. 18 OTU moved in from RAF Bramcote and began using RAF Bircotes and RAF Worksop as satellites. In November the Wellingtons were moved to these satellites as hard runways were to be laid at Finningley. These were put down during the winter of 1943–44, the main 03-21 being 2,000 yards (1,830 m), 07-25 4,200 feet (1,280 m) and 12–30 4,200 ft. A concrete perimeter track had been laid in The 1942 and asphalt pan-type hardstandings constructed in 1940–41 linked to it, two of the original clusters crossing the A614 road between Finningley village and Bawtry. A single loop-type standing was added to bring the total to 36. Some additional domestic accommodation was provided to cater for a maximum 1,592 males and 459 females. The bomb store was in Finningley Big Wood. [ rujukan diperlukan ]

The station re-opened for flying in May 1944 when No. 18 OTU returned from RAF Bramcote. By the end of that year requirements for operational training had reduced and in January 1945 the OTU was disbanded and the Wellingtons removed. [8]

The Bomber Command Instructors School had been established at Finningley in December 1944 and this organisation, with a variety of bomber types, saw out the remaining months of the war at this station and did not depart until the spring of 1947. Navigational training was the main objective of No. 6 Flying Training School RAF, first using Vickers Varsity and later Hawker Siddeley Dominie aircraft. Although Finningley passed to Support Command in 1977, its training role continued throughout in the next decade before RAF activity was terminated. [9]

Sister RAF stations of RAF Finningley located in and around Doncaster included: [10]

Located at Bawtry Hall in Bawtry this was No 1 Group Bomber Command Headquarters and administration unit. The airfield at RAF Bawtry was operated by RAF Bircotes. RAF Bawtry became the centre of the RAF Meteorological Service and ceased military operations in 1986.

A satellite from RAF Finningley operating Avro Ansons, Wellingtons, and Manchesters from No. 25 OTU. Also operating No. 1 Group RAF Bomber Command HQ Communications Flight in support of RAF Bawtry

First opened in 1908 as one of the world's first airports, it took on biplane fighters during the First World War to combat German Zeppelins and later became a transportation squadron during the Second World War. The runway has now been lost to urban development however a museum remains.

RAF Lindholme was home to the No 1 Lancaster Finishing School and between 1952 and 1972 was home to the Bomber Command Bombing School (BCBS), later Strike Command Bombing School and Air Navigation School.

An 850-acre (340 ha) bombing range used by No 25 and No 18 OTU at RAF Finningley during the Second World War. Post-war became a Bloodhound ASM battery location as part of 94 Sqn. Now private land. The location of the Bloodhound missile stands are still visible in aerial photographs.

A Lancaster Bomber dispersal airfield, taken over by the USAF in 1957. Part is now a commercial airfield, the rest is under industrial use.

Post Second World War Edit

From 1946 to 1954 a number of different training units were stationed at Finningley with a variety of aircraft types. No. 616 Squadron RAF was re-formed at Finningley on 31 July 1946 equipped with de Havilland Mosquito NF XXX night fighters which were replaced with Gloster Meteor F.3 day fighters a few months later.

On the Monday 11 August 1952, a Meteor F.4 serial number RA376, located at RAF Finningley, and was one of the aircraft used by No. 215 Advanced Flying School RAF (AFS) had just taken off from the airfield for an exercise when it crashed close to Firbeck Hall in Nottinghamshire, approximately 8 miles (13 km) from the runway. A number of units withdrew in 1954 (including No. 215 ATS) leaving only the Meteors of No. 616 Squadron, Royal Auxiliary Air Force, manned largely by part-time personnel, but their days at Finningley were numbered for in May 1955 the squadron moved to RAF Worksop. The reason was that Finningley was about to be given a new lease of life as a V bomber station.

The Cold War years and after Edit

During the next two years work was carried out to re-lay and extend the main runway to approximately 3,000 yards (2.7 km). Unit stores for atomic weapons were also constructed to house Green Grass in Yellow Sun, Violet Club and Blue Steel weapons. The airfield became known as the home of the 'V' Bomber after Avro Vulcans, Handley Page Victors and Vickers Valiants had all been stationed at the base. Finningley maintained its nuclear weapon storage facility for many years.

Finningley re-opened in the spring of 1957, No. 101 Squadron was re-formed in October that year to operate Vulcan bombers. [2] A year later No. 18 Squadron RAF with ECM Vickers Valiants was also established at Finningley. [11] In 1961, No. 101 Squadron RAF took its Vulcans to RAF Waddington [2] changing places with the Vulcan training organisation, No. 230 Operational Conversion Unit RAF.

It was two years from 101 Sqn leaving that in 1961, the Valiant having seen its day, No. 18 Squadron was disbanded. [11]

The Vulcan OCU stayed with RAF Finningley from June 1961 until December 1969.

In 1970 there was an arson attack on Number 2 Hangar by a serving RAF member. After the hangar was locked and secured at 1700hrs he lit a fire under an aircraft, obviously with catastrophic results. The hangar was badly damaged, and the perpetrator charged and imprisoned.

Handley Page Victor Bombers were added to the Finningley scene in later years before RAF Strike Command (the amalgamation of Bomber and Fighter Commands on 30 April 1968) moved its units out and Training Command took over the station in May 1970.

On 14 January 1992, a new Air Navigation School building was opened, built at a cost of £5.2m. [12]

Arguably the most famous of the Finningley's Avro Vulcan Bombers was aircraft XH558. On 1 July 1960 XH558 was the first Vulcan B.2 to enter RAF service and was immediately transferred to No. 230 Operational Conversion Unit at RAF Finningley before continuing its career. XH558 was restored to flight by the Vulcan to the Sky Trust and the aircraft was displayed during airshows until the end of 2015. On 29 March 2011 XH558 returned to Doncaster airport and Finningley, and she was once again at her original home. XH558 still resides there now, she remains in operating condition but without a permit to fly. Unfortunately, the three expert companies who were supporting the Vulcan in remaining airborne – BAE Systems, Marshall Aerospace and Defence Group and Rolls-Royce, collectively known as the ‘technical authorities’ - decided to cease their support at the end of the 2015 flying season. Without their support, under Civil Aviation Authority regulations, XH558 is prohibited from flying. [13] Since moving to Doncaster, the Vulcan and the Canberra has been removed from the hangar and have been left outside. Doncaster Council recently approved construction of a special built hangar for XH558 and WK163 but that will take years to construct.


Kandungan

Suntingan Perang Dunia II

VF-17 was established on 1 January 1943, at NAS Norfolk, with Lieutenant Commander John T. "Tommy" Blackburn as its commander. It was the second Navy fighter squadron to receive the F4U-1 Corsair and the most successful of them all.

Blackburn wanted a squadron insignia that had a piratical theme to it to match the F4U's Corsair designation hence the skull and crossbones were chosen. [2] The original design was developed by Harry Hollmeyer who became an ace pilot. The squadron helped during the development of the F4U Corsair resulting in some design changes, resulting in the F4U-1A. Unfortunately, the Navy still deemed the Corsair unfit for carrier service and instead of joining USS Bunker Hill, VF-17 became a land-based squadron in the Solomon Islands during most of its deployment to the South Pacific.

On 8 November 1943, the squadron executive officer, Roger Hedrick, led a flight which intercepted 39 Japanese fighters over Empress Augusta Bay, Bougainville. As the Japanese fighters fled back to their base, VF-17 was responsible for downing 3 fighters and damaging 4 others. Though outnumbered, the squadron survived the encounter with no losses. This action was typical of the squadron's land-based service in the Solomon Islands in 1943 and 1944, when it went up against the cream of Imperial Japanese Navy pilots then based at Rabaul.

In its two tours of duty in the Solomon Islands, VF-17 had 152 aerial victories and produced 11 aces. VF-17 finished its combat tour on 10 May 1944, and was equipped with the F6F-5 Hellcat moved to the USS Hornet. The squadron amassed 161 victories, and produced 12 aces. Overall, the two combat tours of VF-17 were credited with 313 victories, the most of any US Navy squadron.

Postwar Edit

In the postwar period the squadron flew the F4U-4 Corsair, F8F-2 Bearcat, F9F-2 Panther, F9F-8 Cougar and F3H-2M Demon. It was disestablished on 15 April 1959.


“The Traverse City Civil Air Patrol launched in 1955 and it has been in continuous service ever since,” explained Wayne”Buzz” Bauers, an retired U.S. Navy pilot that acts as the TC unit public affairs officer.

Section of this federal Civil Air Patrol, that has evolved over time to answer all kinds of atmosphere and ground crises, the traverse-city patrol isn’t the only real CAP squadron in northern Lower Michigan. The others are located at Cadillac, Grayling and Alpena. In addition, the 4 talk one air craft, a 230-horsepower four-seater Cessna-182 established in Cadillac.

Each squadron Consists of Cadets, ages 12 to 21 yrs of age, and Mature members within 21. Nationally CAP has a lot more than 56,000 members in 1,500 communities.

Leading Gareth Todd, a professor at Ferris State University, is commander of this Cadillac Highpoint Composite Squadron of both 16 cadets along with 1-5 elderly associates. They meet two times per month at the Cadillac Airport.

It is Not mandatory for associates to desire to construct an aerospace livelihood just to get a fascination with aviation. And CAP features loads of options to people who do.

“Civil Air Patrol Provides Plenty of direction Chances,” explained Todd. “Plus it includes fantastic STEM kits which are readily available to members”

A few alumni of this TC squadron Have gone onto high accomplishments in the military, for example a that awakens a b2 Stealth Bomber and a second who pilots a Black Hawk helicopter, as stated by Important Jo Hendrix, Group Commander of the 4 northern Michigan Squadrons.

At the conclusion of June CAP associates will probably flock to Alpena to get a Week Long Michigan Wing Encampment.

“They’ll come from throughout the world,” said Hendrix, an urgent care nurse that has been busy in CAP for more than 2 decades. “It is intense. They’ve all kinds of classes where they know about direction, responsibilities, and more” (To Find out about the Encampment courses, see www.miwg.cap.gov/encampment/)

Northern Michigan CAP associates also have participate in a full selection of search and rescue assignments in the past couple of decades. After a plane went off Mackinac Island a couple of decades back, CAP searchers appeared to participate in the hunt. After a band of walkers lost their manner within the Upper Peninsula at 20-16, CAP helped at the efforts to discover them. Last December, northern Michigan Cadets participate in”Wreaths Around America,” which co ordinated wreath-laying festivals at Arlington Cemetery along with 1,600 different locations all over the country.

AT the Start
Early in 1942, only following the U.S. entered WWII, German submarines, or uboats, were carrying an excellent toll on shipping from the Atlantic Ocean. By way of instance, in March of 1942they awakened 86 vessels from the east shore of the USA. For the large part, they certainly were armed or unarmed merchant sea boats hauling weapons, food, gas and supplies to Europe.

In conclusion, the CAP, a civilian company of mature volunteer pilots, was first formed.

“Many [pilots] were ineligible for its military by age or physical handicap,” composed noted historian Samuel Eliot Morrison in his publication”The Battle of the Atlantic, 1939-43.” “However they can flysome with wooden legsand so they possessed airplanes, some as tiny as a Stinson Voyager.”

The feisty Voyager has been a 1,580-pound Twoseater having a 75-horsepower engine which worked hard to receive its high rate of just over 100 mph.

“Initially they had been Completely unarmed, functioning just for seeing subs or predators,” composed Morrison. “However, as time moved to the more expensive planes were designed with just one 325-lb thickness charge or 2 100-lb demolition bombs and also a very simple homemade bombsight. Their rule value, throughout significant sinkings across the Atlantic seaboard, would be to sight disabled boats or predator in life ships and report questionable or strange aircraft”

By March 1942 during August 1943, armed CAP aircraft 21 coastal foundations from Maine into the Mexico border patrolled the seas off the Atlantic and Gulf coasts. Their successes made the CAP well-deserved compliments in the public and the military.

“One Of the remarkable attributes of this CAP has been its flexibility and freedom from red tape,” composed Morrison. “In the event the Navy wanted such a thing, by blood into a bomb-sight, to be hauled anywhere on the go or perhaps a note brought to a boat at sea, then the CAP was ready to shoot off”

“the vitality of this flying civilians was astounding their intrepidity beyond compliments. In foul weather kept military airplanes grounded, they became popular and hunted for subs.”

As it began, CAP made no supply at all for young ones to engage. Ultimately in 1942 CAP leaders started a course for youths ages 15 to 18. The cadet program was shown to be quite a potent punch for imparting practical abilities and preparing adolescents for military careers.

NEW MISSIONS
After WWII, CAP efforts were targeted toward three chief assignments: both the cadet plan, emergency providers, and aerospace education. As soon as the U.S. Air Force Academy started in 1955, ten per cent of its own very first class ended up former CAP members. Through time, CAP crews had been busy bringing parts for its Air Force, flying individual tissue and organ transplant assignments and engaging in the aftermath of disasters such as the Exxon Valdez oil spill, the Oklahoma City bombing and hurricanes Hugo, Andrew and Floyd.

With an increase of national financing, CAP has become the receiver of newest technologies because of its own emergency services, for example high quality imaging, enhanced aerial communicating, improved infra red procedures, GPS-equipped glass cockpit avionics and much more. CAP air-conditioning train directly along side military employees at air defense intercept assignments, communicating exercises and cyber security, for example unmanned aircraft to give vision training aid for construction forces.

Back in 2014, legislation has been passed on to award the Congressional Gold Medal for the approximately 200,000 World War II members of CAP. The decoration is the nation’s highest manifestation of admiration for distinguished achievements and contributions.

Northern Michigan CAP Officials Hendrix,” Todd and also Bauers agree they’d love to see more visitors, notably adults engaging within their own program.

“We Absolutely require senior leaders,” explained Bauers. “For Your cadets, Civil Air Patrol helps develop leadership knowledge, develop new friendships, and participate as a team member in real assignments, take role in encampments along with different training, and hone a few crucial livelihood skills”

Pictured above: Brett Bulsma of this Traverse-city Civilian Air Patrol squadron.


Kandungan

1916–1939 Edit

Wyton has been a military airfield since 1916, when it was used for training by the Royal Flying Corps and then its successor the Royal Air Force (RAF).

The following squadrons were posted to Wyton between 1916 and 1935:

    between 1916 and 1916. [3] between 1916 and 1917. [4] between 1917 and 1917. [5] between 1918 and 1918. [6] between 1917 and 1917. [7] between 1918 and 1919. [8] between 1918 and 1918. [8] between 1918 and 1918. [8] between 1918 and 1918. [9] between 1918 and 1918. [10] between 1919 and 1919. [11]

In 1935, it was upgraded to contemporary standards.

The following squadrons were posted to Wyton between 1935 and 1939:

1939–1945 Edit

During the Second World War it was used primarily as a bomber base, flying Bristol Blenheim, de Havilland Mosquito and Avro Lancaster aircraft. In 1942 it became the home of the Pathfinder Force under the command of Group Captain Don Bennett.

The following squadrons were posted to Wyton between 1939 and 1945:

    between 1939 and 1940. [14]
  • No. 15 Squadron for a second time between 1940 and 1942. [14] between 1939 and 1941. [15] between 1940 and 1940. [16]
  • No. 57 Squadron for a second time between 1940 and 1940. [16] for a second time between 1942 and 1944. [5] between 1942 and 1945 between 1942 and 1942. [17]
  • No. 109 Squadron for a second time between 1942 and 1943. [17] between 1944 and 1945. [9] for a second time between 1943 and 1944. [13] for a second time between 1945 and 1945. [10] between 1945 and 1945. [18]

1946–2011 Edit

The following squadrons were posted to Wyton between 1946 and 2011:

    between 1978 and 1982. [19] for a third time between 1946 and 1950. [14] between 1983 and 1989. [20] between 1969 and 1976. [20] between 1970 and 1982. [15] for a second time between 1946 and 1951. [12] between 1963 and 1995. [21] between 1953 and 1970. [16] between 1953 and 1956. [5] between 1989 and 1991 [22] between 1946 and 1950. [23] between 1956 and 1956. [7]
  • No. 100 Squadron for a second time between 1982 and 19. [7] between 1946 and 1950. [13] between 1969 and 1984. [24] between 1975 and 19. [25] between 1953 and 1956. [26] between 1954 and 1955. [27]
  • No. 542 Squadron for a second time between 1955 and 1955. [27] between 1955 and 1974. [27]

After the war Wyton became home to the Strategic Reconnaissance Force, adding English Electric Canberra to the aircraft flown. Vickers Valiants, modified for reconnaissance, moved there in 1955 and a Handley Page Victor in 1959. Provision was made to store nuclear weapons if necessary.

The Victor belonged to a separate Radar Reconnaissance Flight (initially of one aircraft - rising to three by the time RRF was disbanded in 1962) to supplement the work of the Valiants of 543 Sqn. The Canberras of 58 Sqn were a mix of PR7 and PR 9s.

Also based at RAF Wyton were the T17 and T17A Canberras of 360 Sqn, the only joint RAF and RN Squadron specialising in ECM training. In the early 1990s one of its pilots was Ft Lt Rory Underwood. Other residents at RAF Wyton were 100 Sqn with a mixture of Canberra types in the Targeting Role. Also resident but "never officially present" were the three Nimrod R1s belonging to 51 Sqn used in the Elint and Sigint role.

During a four-month period in autumn 1989, two squadrons of U.S. Air Force Fairchild Republic A-10 Thunderbolt II jets were operated out of RAF Wyton while the runway at their base, nearby RAF Alconbury, was resurfaced. During the late 1980s and until the airfield closures in 1995, RAF Wyton and the USAF run RAF Alconbury used a joint air traffic control operation.

In May 1995 both RAF Wyton and RAF Alconbury airfields were decommissioned and Wyton was formally amalgamated with RAF Brampton, and later with RAF Henlow to make all three locations a single RAF Station for administrative purposes.

The decommissioning of the airfield saw the end of regular jet powered flight from Wyton. However, the airfield continued to host light aircraft in the form of two University Air Squadrons, an RAF flying club and an RAF sponsored microlight club. The UAS squadrons moved to Wyton were the University of London and the University of Cambridge. Both units flew the Grob G 115 Tutor. By the turn of the century, the operation had been expanded to include Elementary Flying Training for ab initio pilot recruits.

The microlight club consisted of a small group of flex-wing microlight and 3-axis aircraft, there was a thriving flight school with two instructors, the former Chief Inspector of the BMAA David Marshall and the training instructor pilot Paul Foggoa. The school was based in the old crash building - the original purpose of which was to house the crash-rescue fire engines. The success of the club, and the inclusion of non-RAF members, led to the club expanding to the corner of one of the large hangars.

The RAF Wyton Flying Club operated the Slingsby T67 Firefly and a Robin DR400. It offered flying tuition to all ranks with an emphasis on junior ranks and those whose day jobs did not include flying.

2011–present Edit

The 2010 Strategic Defence and Security Review announced the formation of Joint Forces Command (JFC), and on 2 April 2012, the RAF Brampton Wyton Henlow tri site was disbanded. JFC assumed responsibility for RAF Brampton/ Wyton, with RAF Henlow remaining under the control of Headquarters Air Command. The decision to close RAF Brampton by December 2013 led to the command and control of the Station transferring to RAF Wyton. RAF Brampton was renamed Brampton Camp and became a satellite unit of RAF Wyton.

RAF Wyton is undergoing transformation through the Programme to Rationalise and Integrate the Defence Intelligence Estate (PRIDE). Under JFC, RAF Wyton will become home to the Headquarters of the Joint Forces Intelligence Group (JFIG). Through JFIG, a number of key components of the Defence Intelligence community have been brought together. JFIG Headquarters will be alongside the imagery intelligence capability of the Defence Geospatial Intelligence Fusion Centre (DGIFC). Formerly the Joint Air Reconnaissance Intelligence Centre (JARIC), DGIFC provides imagery intelligence to the armed forces and other customers. They do this through the use of satellite imaging, as well as airborne and ground-based systems. DGIFC use these sources to provide regional intelligence assessments.

Joining HQ JFIG and DGIFC at RAF Wyton from 2013 will be 42 Engineer Regiment. They will be accompanied by elements of Defence Human Intelligence and specialist staff from Defence Intelligence. These elements will come together to support worldwide operations from purpose-built facilities within the Pathfinder Building. In future years, other elements of JFIG and the wider Defence Intelligence community are expected to work together at Wyton.

No. 1 Intelligence Surveillance Reconnaissance Squadron of the RAF moved to Wyton from RAF Marham in April 2017. [28]

By 2014, RAF Wyton's population grew 5-fold to approximately 1,800 personnel, with a further 1,500-2,000 personnel expected to join before the end of the decade. [ rujukan diperlukan ] [ perlu dikemas kini ] Alongside the build-up of the Defence Intelligence footprint at RAF Wyton, the Station also plays host to several Lodger Units. The active airfield hosts the 57 (Reserve) Sqn Elementary Flying Training School, No. 5 Air Experience Flt, 2 University Air Squadrons (UAS) as well as the Pathfinder Flying Club. 57(R) Squadron is responsible for conducting Elementary Flying Training (EFT) for around 50 percent of the RAF's entry of new student pilots. Students arrive following completion of Initial Officer Training (IOT) at RAF Cranwell and remain for around 6 months of flying training on the Grob Tutor 115E. The course is broadly split into 2 phases. During the 1st phase, students are taught the basics of flying an aircraft, fly solo and learn general handling, including aerobatics. The 2nd phase of the course sees the students progress onto more advanced flying, including instrument flying, low level navigation and formation flying. The course culminates in a demanding final test, where all elements taught on the course can be assessed. Following the successful completion of this test, students are moved to either fast jet, rotary or multi engine to continue their flying training.

The 2 UAS's teach undergraduate students to fly to the standard of a Private pilot licence (PPL), with additional opportunities to fly Aerobatics, Formation Flying and Low Level Navigation.

The Defence Infrastructure Organisation (DIO) also has a large presence at Wyton with both its Operations Accommodation and International elements. DIO Ops Accommodation is responsible for the management of 49,000 Service Family Accommodation in the UK and infrastructure support for the United States Visiting Forces. DIO International looks after the International Estate used by Defence, including the maintenance and provision of facilities on the Permanent Joint Operating Bases.

Other units include the Chief Information Officer's Defence Security Assurance Service, the Air Training Corps Headquarters for the Central and Eastern Region, 2331 (St. Ives) Squadron ATC, and the US Defense Contract Management Agency (DCMA).

DCMA International maintains a significant presence at Wyton. DCMA International established the headquarters for DCMA Northern Europe at Wyton in 2013. Shortly thereafter, in 2014, DCMA disestablished DCMA Northern Europe and established DCMA United Kingdom (UK). Since 2014, from its headquarters at Wyton, DCMA UK has been providing itinerant contract administration services throughout the UK, Northern Europe, and Scandinavia. In addition, DCMA UK manages its footprints in contractor plants from its headquarters at Wyton.

RAF Wyton hosts the annual Pathfinder March, a 46-mile (74 km) walk which starts and finishes at RAF Wyton.


Tonton videonya: Selamat Ulang Tahun ASPPI dari Komandan Skuadron 12 Pekanbaru (Julai 2022).


Komen:

  1. Doyle

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  4. Haefen

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  5. Dora

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  6. Cipactli

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